Sant Maeleg - GrandTerrier

Sant Maeleg

Un article de GrandTerrier.

Jump to: navigation, search


1 Fiche signalétique


s. Maeleg
Vie / Buhez : originaire du pays de Galles au 6e siècle, disciple de Kadeg et de Cybi, patron de Plumélec
Genre / Reizh : Masculin
Signification / Sinifiañs : origine Celtique, Mael=Prince
Variantes / Argemmoù : Maeleg (Bretagne) - Maelog (Bretagne) - Mailoc (Celtique) -

2 Almanach


le 31 décembre 2018 ~ d'an 31 a viz Kerzu 2018
Saint(e) du jour ~ Sant(ez) an deiz s. Maeleg (originaire du pays de Galles au 6e siècle, disciple de Kadeg et de Cybi, patron de Plumélec)
Proverbe breton ~ Krennlavar Friko da Sul, friko da lun. Ha bara sec'h e-pad ar sizhun.§ [Trad]




Almanach complet : [Calendrier:Vie des saints]

3 Sources

4 Iconographie

vitrail en l'église de Plumélec
vitrail en l'église de Plumélec

5 Monographies

Site St Cybi :

THE STORY OF ST CYBI

St. Cybi was an important Celtic Saint who founded a monastic settlement within 'Caer Gybi,' the Roman Fort named after him. Although you will not find him in the major lists of saints, he is recognised as a 'Pre-congregational saint,' beatified and canonised by patriarchs and local devotees. He has a place in the Universal Calendar of the Western Church. In 480 AD Kebius, Cuby or Cybi was born in Kernow- Cornwall, at Callington close to Plymouth. His father was Selyf, a Cornish Chieftain and great grandson of Cystennin Gorneu, thought to be the grandfather of King Arthur. Cybi's mother was Gwen, sister of Non, the mother of St. David, so Cybi was first cousin to our patron Saint. His mother was the descendant of Vortigern, (Gwrtheryd) a British Chief of the early 5th Century. As a young man he declined to succeed his father and became a Christian monk. Being of a rich Romano-British family he would have been well-educated.

With ten disciples he crossed to Gaul, travelling and founding churches.

Eventually he returned across the Channel, landing in Cornwall. He must have escaped unwelcome attentions from those who thought he wanted to reclaim his father's territory. He managed to found more churches. The first was at Tregony. He lived in a cell next to a well. There is a Cuby's Well there to this day. This is the modern church on the site, in the Parish of St. Cuby the Abbott. From here he would have undertaken missions to the surrounding countryside. One of his outposts where another church bears the name of St. Cuby is at Duloe, pictured on the left. He is also remembered as Cubyus at the Church of St. James, Lew Trenchard in Devon. His portrait is on the Rood Screen. He moved to Morgannwg, South Wales and founded two churches in Usk. There is a Llangybi there today. He did not get on with King Edelig so left and spent three days with his cousin David at Mynyw, (Menevia)-St. David's. With his disciples he set sail for Ireland and joined an important Irish Celtic religious centre on the bleak island of Arran, Galway Bay.

Presiding here was St. Enda at Cill Éine and Cybi's oratory may well have been at Teaghlach Éinne. They stayed on Inis Mór for four years, living alongside the Irish monks and building his small oratory. They may have dwelt in clocháns which are a feature of this island.

Four of his disciples are named. They are Llibio; Peulan, the brother of Gwenfaen the Rhoscolyn saint; Maelog of Llanfaelog and Cyngar, Cybi's uncle. All have churches on Anglesey. St Cyngar's church is at Llangefni.

prénoms celtiques et bretons d'Albert Deshayes :

Maeleg

Hypocoristique formé sur mael, "prince".

Ce saint est représenté dans l'église paroissiale de Plumélec (56) e évêque portant crosse et mitre. L'eau de sa fontaine, comme à Pluméleuc en Lanouée (56), guérissait des coliques.

Deux saints ont porté le nom de Maelog ay pays de Galles : le frère de Gweltas et un disciple de saint Cybi. Instruit par son père dans la littérature sacrée, il bâtit un monastère à Llowes en Maesyfed. Il devient ensuite un disciple de Kadeg à Llancarfan, avant de rejoindre Cybi, qu'il suivra en Cornwall, puis sur l'île d'Aran et enfin sur Môn. Un Mailoc, évêque de Bretoña en Gallice, est mentionné dans le second concile de Braga en 572.

Site LLandufaelog :

An Abbreviated Life of St. Maelog

Born the son of a Romano-British Chieftain from Strathclyde (Cwm-Cawlwyd). One of a large family of children which included St Gildas, his brother (500 AD).

Arrival in Wales

Came with his family as a refugee from the Pictish Wars. Granted refuge in Anglesey (Ynys-Mon) by Cadwallon, Chief of Gwynedd (510 AD).

Education

Taught first by monks on Ynys-Mon, then under St. Cadoc at the Abbey (Clas) of Llancarfan.

Travels with St. Cybi

He arrived in Cornwall (Cernyw) about 520 AD and became a disciple of St. Cybi. Left Cornwall after an ill-fated attempt by the people to raise St. Cybi to the Cornish throne. Travelled first to Gwent for a brief stay (532 AD), and then left for Ireland and Aran More. Remained in Aran More, but left after a quarrel with an Irish monk. After further trouble, he sailed with Cybi and party to Lleyn in North Wales (537 AD). Returned to Ynys Mon. Established a church site in his own name (538 AD).

Abbot of Llowes

Moved to Powys and established his clas on Llowes common (539 AD). From there, many church sites were established in the surrounding countryside by himself and his disciples. Maelog had to flee for his life in 545 AD but the work of the Clas continued.

Ireland and Brittany (Llydaw)

Returned briefly to Ireland in 545 AD to escape the anger of the British Chiefs. Founded a church at Kilmallock, but poverty drove him to sail for Brittany in 546 AD, where he remained until his death in 590 AD, having founded several churches in the region of Lanvauden.

note: dates are approximate as they tend to differ depending on source.

'The Two Lives of Saint Gildas', tr Hugh Williams (Llanerch) 1990, gives vastly different details about the Family of Caw Prydain. 'The Monk of Ruys' (ibid) mentions only four other sons (besides Gildas) and one daughter. Caradoc of Llancarfan, in his 'Life of St Gildas' (ibid), expands the family to twenty-four sons and several daughters. Scholars tend to doubt the reliability of the Llancarfan account in particular

adapted by kind permission of J Douglas Davies, Llandyfaelog